Data Walls in Educational Systems
What is a Data Wall?
The data wall is a modern classroom design concept that strives to make student success benchmarks more concrete and accessible. It involves dedicating a wall to large, colourful displays of student information such as test scores and achievement levels.
This wall may be visible to the students themselves or may be kept in separate staff rooms where the students cannot access it. Both have been proven to drive results, but there are some situations in which student privacy outweighs the proximity of the data.
As these tools show up in more classroom design concepts, legitimate concerns about the use of personal scholastic data are being voiced by parents, students and teachers. However, if a data wall is implemented and maintained with the appropriate level of care, it can be an excellent addition to any educational space.
Here are just a few of the ways in which the data wall makes a classroom a more effective learning environment:
- Presenting student data in a bold, accessible format for easier assessments
- Less time taken for teachers to inquire or compare notes on struggling students
- Reminds students of the importance of focused effort
- Gives students a quantitative measure of their academic improvement
A data wall can also make clear when a student is repeatedly failing to make progress through typical classroom activity, indicating that a more intensive approach might be necessary. The teacher may then act to resolve the issue in any of the following ways, depending on the severity of the educational deficit:
- Giving extra one-on-one help
- Recommending that the student work with a tutor
- Providing extra resources like worksheets or books on the subject to help the student become more familiar with the material
- Recommending that the student be placed in a special education program with students closer to their scholastic level (this could apply to both low-achieving and exceptionally high-achieving students)
An Example of the Benefits of a Data Wall
When data walls were first implemented at Medina Primary School, 34% of the school’s students were reading at a five-year-old level. After nine months with the data walls in place, half of those students had improved significantly, a feat which is credited to the increased ability to manage short-term goals that the walls gave to teachers and students.
Here are some of the reasons for this success:
- The data wall tracked information for multiple subjects
- The wall gave a holistic picture of each student’s educational profile
- Gives easy access to cross-dimensional analysis through enhanced visibility of records
For example, a student whose profile on the data wall shows a high proficiency in reading and a low one in math might find math more accessible with more problems presented to them in narrative word problems rather than as mere equations. It may also reveal issues like autism or learning disabilities which, if diagnosed and accommodated for, will cease to hinder the student as much as they would have had they gone unnoticed.
In spite of all of these benefits, negative outcomes are certainly possible if the implementation of a data wall is poorly handled:
- Students may bully each other based on each other’s records
- Students may experience public shame if they do not live up to expectations
- Protests by alarmed parents limits how data walls can be used in some situations
- In some municipalities, data walls may not be in compliance with student privacy laws
Academic information can undoubtedly qualify as personal information, and the students (and their parents) may have a moral claim to exclusive access to that information regardless of what the law dictates.
How To Effectively Implement a Data Wall
In order to minimise the possible harm of a data wall (and thus maximise its benefits as well), care must be taken to address both of the main controversy points:
- the potential to create shame in students; and
- the security of confidential information.
Both of these issues are largely solved by relegating the data wall to a teachers’ lounge or some other restricted place for student privacy. Given that there is evidence (discussed above) that a more effective learning environment comes from more immediate access to the data wall, this is not an optimal solution. It is best to seek alternatives if possible.
Solutions to Student Shame
The first problem has a relatively simple solution: cultivating a positive, sportsmanlike classroom attitude. It is crucial to make sure that all students understand that the data wall is to be used on an individual basis only, and that the only person who should be concerned about posted results that are not their own is the teacher.
It is the instructor’s responsibility to ensure that the data wall is not used to put undue pressure on the student, as well as to emphasise that what truly matters is putting one’s best efforts toward learning and growth, regardless of the actual result.
As stated in this report on the success of intervention techniques guided by the use of data walls at Force Elementary, “the idea is not to introduce competition and stress, but rather, to work as a class to . . . encourage lower performing students.” This should be the guiding principle of anyone interacting with a data wall, school staff included.
Solutions to Student Security
The second problem is more technical in nature, but can certainly still be solved if every effort is made to obscure the actual identities of the students on the wall. The United States Department of Education recommends that markers be used instead of students’ names, and that these not be possible to trace back to any individual student. That way, while the students will be able to observe classroom trends and learn how their academic ranking compares to their peers, it will be impossible for anyone else to say with certainty that they can discern that student’s academic record merely by looking at the data wall.
It is also advised that teachers be exceptionally careful in how they use the data wall, even with this safeguard in place. Data walls and the information on them should not be discussed in conferences or meetings unless consent forms have been distributed to and signed by every student whose information is on the wall.
Regardless of the security measures taken by the school, information that is found on a static wall is sure to be seen by unauthorised eyes at some point. Things like tours and school events can potentially bring visitors all over the school, even in the otherwise-restricted teachers’ lounge.
The Portable Partition – Effective Modern Classroom Design
For this reason, using a portable partition (a fully mobile wall segment that can be used as a pinboard, such as the 360 Room Divider) for a data wall can be particularly effective, as it allows the wall to be temporarily removed. Access restrictions should be maintained as much as possible in all circumstances, and using portable partitions in modern classroom design greatly increases an instructor’s ability to do this.
Charting the Way to Success
Despite concerns that data walls make public what should be kept private, they can also be a highly beneficial tool for both students and teachers to track each student’s progress and ensure that that student achieves some degree of personal academic growth over the course of the year.
While complications are certainly possible, they are easily avoided with careful action and do not pose enough of a problem to mitigate the positive effects. So long as all involved retain the correct perspective (that a student need only compete with their own previous efforts, not with those of the other students on the wall) and follow good security measures, data walls can be excellent tools to promote an effective learning environment.